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Prague Geography

The Czech Republic is geographically located in the centre of Europe, surrounded by Austria, Slovakia, Poland and Germany, with almost the same distance from the Baltic Sea, the Mediterranean and the North Sea.

Prague is the largest and the capital city of the Czech Republic. Rich in its historical heritage, this attractive city is the commercial and cultural centre of Czech Republic.

50° 05” N, 14° 27” E

Prague (Praha) is situated in the heart of the Bohemian Basin which has a ring of mountainous surroundings. The fertile soil, natural water streams and resources have played a vital role in the city’s early development. The Vlata River runs through the city influencing a breathtaking landscape and natural parks.

Prague comprises of four main areas which are scattered just south of the river bend.

The eastern bank features the Old Town (Staré město) with the Old Town Square, the New Town (Nové město) with Wenceslas Square and the Jewish Quarter.

Charles Bridge connects the eastern and western bank, which is a popular attraction in Prague used by many tourists whilst exploring the city’s historical sites.

The western bank features the medieval castle region (Hradčany) which is home to the famous Prague Castle, and below the Lesser Town; the little quarter of Malá Strana.

The residential and industrial areas of Prague occupy the old city centre and move up to some distance along the Vltava River. These neighbourhoods outlining the city centre are 19th Century – 20th Century suburbs: Vinohardy, Zizlov, Karlin, Holesovice, Bubenec Dejvice, as well as the industrial area of Smichov.


The location of Prague in Central Europe marks for extreme weather patterns and striking differences in-between seasons. The changes in seasons add to the romantic appeal of Prague. Weather in Prague is mild to cold with rainfall throughout the year.

Winter (December, January and February)
Prague has a mild to cold climate with rainfall throughout the year. Winters tend to be cold and snowy with little sunshine. Snow is observed between November and March. Winter temperatures range from below freezing to 5°C (41°F) with little rainfall.

Spring (March, April and May)
The temperatures range from 9-19°C (48-66°F) with moderate rainfall and so spring is the best time to visit Prague.

Summer (June, July and August)
Generally, summers tend to be warm and the temperatures can range from 20-22°C (68-72°F), with tendencies of temperatures reaching 35°C (95°F) but these hot periods are often broken by heavy thunderstorms due to higher rainfall averages in the summer months. Humidity levels also drop by around 20% during the summer.

Fall/Autumn (September, October and November)
Early fall can be the best time to go to Prague since the city looks pleasant and beautiful. But the late fall can be foggy.

Spring (March, April and May)
The temperatures range from 9-19°C (48-66°F) with moderate rainfall and so spring is the best time to visit Prague.


As on 2015, the metropolitan area of Prague consists of over 2.1 million people and the population of Prague city is over 1.26 million. Most of the city’s population consists of Czechs. There is a minority of Roma and Slovak communities in and around the city centre. Also, there is a considerable amount of expatriates such as Germans and Americans who have settled for work purposes in Prague.

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